Natura 2000

NATURAL „AMBASSADORS“ OF MEDVEDNICA

Natural world knows no artificially created boundries. Plants disseminate freely and animals migrate over the borders with ease. In order to protect the natural world, people are also required to cross those borders.

European Union has devised a way to protect its flora and fauna through Natura 2000 network. The network includes areas important for conservation of endagered species and habitat types throughout the continent.

This ecological network was designed in order to try and conserve more than 1000 rare, endangered and endemic species of plants and animals and 230 natural and semi-natural habitats in more than 3000 Natura areas. Areas included in Natura 2000 network cover almost 20% of EU teritory, which makes it the biggest system of protected areas in the world!

Natura areas are chosen based on scientific criteria and are rooted in two important European directives that are basis for nature protection within the European Union – Bird Directive and Habitats Directive. Important habitat types, plant and animal species are named as Natura species and are listed in annexes of those directivesThose species could be considered as „ambassadors“ of nature whose presence, abundance and conservation status in a selected area qualifies the area as a candidate for addition in Natura 2000 network.

Habitat types and species HR2000583 Medvednica

 

No.

Common name

Scientific name

1

Marsh fritillary

Euphydryas aurinia

2

Large copper

Lycaena dispar

3

Stag beetle

Lucanus cervus

4

Rosalia longicorn

Rosalia alpina*

5

Long-horned beetle

Morimus funereus

6

Cerambyx Longicorn

Cerambyx cerdo

7

Stone Crayfish

Austropotamobius torentium*

8

Yellow-bellied toad

Bombina variegata

9

Italian crested newt

Triturus carnifex

10

Lesser horseshoe bat

Rhinolophus hipposideros

11

Greater horseshoe bat

Rhinolophus ferumequinum

12

Mediterranean horseshoe bat

Rhinolophus euryale

13

Western Barbastelle

Barbastella barbastellus

14

Common bent-wing bat

Miniopterus schreibersii

15

Bechstein’s bat

Myotis bechsteinii

16

Geoffroy’s bat

Myotis emarginatus

17

Greater mouse-eared bat

Myotis myotis

18

Fenton’s Wood White

Leptidea morsei

19

Balkan Goldenring

Cordulegaster heros

20

Danube barbel

Barbus balcanicus

21

Hermit beetle or Russian leather beetle

Osmoderma eremita*

22

Adriatic lizard orchid

Himantoglossum adriaticum

No.

Habitat type

Habitat code

1

Hydrophilous tall herb fringe communities of plains and of the montane to alpine levels (Convolvulion sepii, Filipendulion, Senecion fluviatilis)

6430

2

Illyrian oak-hornbeam forests (Erythronio-carpinion)

91L0

3

Castanea sativa woods

9260

4

Luzulo-Fagetum beech forests

9110

5

Illyrian Fagus sylvatica forests (Aremonio-Fagion)

91K0

6

Tilio-Acerion forests of slopes, screes and ravines

9180*

7

Caves not open to the public

8310

8

Calcareous rocky slopes with chasmophytic vegetation

8210